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Historical Places & Discovery

Zuma Rock

Zuma Rock

Zuma Rock featured image of a human face with a visible mouth, eyes, and nose. The natives of the community believe the face represents the deity and ancestral powers protecting and governing the affairs of the community. 

History of Zuma Rock

Zuma Rock is historically served as the protection fort for the Gbagyi people during intertribal wars. Zuma Rock is often described by many as the Gateway to Abuja from Suleja.

The first settlers around the rock back in the 15th century were the Zuba and Koro people. The rock was first called Zumwa meaning “the place where Guinea Fowls are caught”.

The settlers believed the rock had spirits, organized festivals in honor of the rock, offered sacrifices and worshiped it.

The Rock is regarded as the strongest idol, both for its size and strong spirits.

The Rock is about 3.1 kilometers in circumference and stands tall at a height of about 725 meters above the surrounding area is one of the most popular landmarks in Nigeria.

Zuma Rock


Popularly referred to as the Gateway to Abuja, the rock stands at the Northern end of Abuja, on the Abuja-Kaduna expressway.

At the time FCT was carved out, it was well known that the physical boundary of FCT dissected the Rock, with the larger part falling into Niger State and the smaller part falling into FCT. The rock geographically lies in-between Niger State and FCT, Abuja.

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Zuma Rock

<strong>Time to visit zuma rock

Tourists can visit Zuma Rock all year round as the weather is both conducive and warm.

However, if you are looking to see the spectacular Zuma Rock fire which only occur during rainfall then the perfect time to visit Zuma is between the months of April and October.

This period is the rainy season but it affords you the opportunity to see the Zuma Rock fire at the apex of the rock which catches fire under heavy rainfall.

Zuma Rock

How to get to zuma rock

The perfect way to get to Zuma Rock upon arrival at the Nnamdi Azikwe Airport is by using a taxi or Uber. The Rock is just about 45 minutes from the the Nnamdi Azikwe Internationa Airport.

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Zuma Rock

Cost to visit zuma rock

Zuma Rock is open to the public for free. If you are interested in rock climbing or exploring the magnificent mass of rock, you will be required to pay a token in order to get access to the top of the rock.

Zuma Rock 3

Facts about zuma rock

The iconic image of Zuma Rock can be found on the 100 Naira bill.

The top of the Rock catches fire especially during rainy season.

Zuma Rock is perfect tourist attraction perfect for picnicking and relaxation.

It is widely believed that Zuma houses the most powerful spirits around its environs.

Many believe that the Rock possess magical powers which rendered the enemies of the Gwari people powerless and provided a safe place for the natives.

There is a popular myth that on days when loud sounds are heard from the rock, the news about the death of a well-known person is heard.

Many believe that it was prophesied that before the end of time Zuma will be at the centre of an enormous settlement.

It is also believed that the Rock is sitting on a very large source of underground water and if pulled down the water that will come out of it shall submerge an unimaginable expanse of land.

The rock was used by the natives of Gwari as a defense against any external force that may want to invade their community.

Zuma rock has natural contours which project the image of a human face with a visible mouth, eyes, and nose.

It is believed that when people die, their spirits go to the rock.
Traditionally, since masquerades are believed to be the spirit of the dead, it is believed that all masquerades originated from Zuma Rock.

It is twice as high as the Uluru Rock in Australia – it is also higher than the height of Nigeria’s popular Aso Rock and Olumo Rock put together, and more than four times as high as Nigeria’s tallest building, NECOM House.


  • Zuma Rock

  • Zuma Rock

  • Zuma Rock

  • Zuma Rock

  • Zuma Rock

  • Zuma Rock
  • Zuma Rock
  • Zuma Rock
  • Zuma Rock
  • Zuma Rock
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